I'm a huge fan of the history of governance of Bitcoin, and I've been writing about it for a while, but one topic I've never taken the time to understand myself and explore is the scaling debate. I took some time to create a comprehensive timeline with some of my own commentary embedded in the history. This timeline I posted on Hackernoon is a long read, but it's become a reference point for folks who are getting up to speed with 7 years of arguments over how to increase the throughput of Bitcoin.
The way data moves on the Internet hasn’t really changed in decades. From its inception until now, the Internet has become increasingly centralized, relying on growing acres of server farms. Each year the farms grow, users lose their ability to manage their own data, and the companies that control that data grow larger and richer. We’ve habituated this network design into our personal lives, laws, and commerce. Web services and business models will continue to build on this prior art unless something changes.
The SAFE network could chart a completely new course, and it is my hope that we’re going to hear a lot about it in the coming months. Hoping to replace our centralized Internet infrastructure with a more efficient, privacy-aware, decentralized infrastructure, the SAFE network could be a game changer. As an advocate for a more open Internet and someone who cares about how people use and understand it, this project really excites me. Since so few people have been exposed to the ideas in the SAFE network, I put this together to answer these questions:
- Why does the Internet need the SAFE network?
- How will individual users benefit from the SAFE network?
- Why should developers and companies who build humanistic technology and services use the SAFE network?
I had the pleasure of joining Global Glimpse in Nicaragua this summer. Every summer, Global Glimpse exposes U.S. high schoolers to the realities and perspectives of the third world via a three week program in either Nicaragua or the Dominican Republic. The group's about us page says it best:
Until this trip, I had a very abstract understanding of what the non-profit was all about -- my friend Eliza Pesuit serves as the executive director, and I had been hearing amazing stories from her for a couple years. I recently joined GG's advisory board in SF, so I jumped at the chance to see what went on 'in-country.' Starting at the end of July (2013), I crisscrossed Nicaragua and met with groups of students in León, Matagalpa, and Estelí, to see the program first-hand. I met hundreds of students who were passionate about understanding broad ideas like poverty, what it means to be a 'responsible global citizen' and the challenges of living in the third world. Their trip was in no way a summer camp; their three-week schedule consists of days that start around 6am, a day where they get by on $1 a day, teaching English to locals, and an emotional visit to the town dump.
Global Glimpse was born out of a need for high quality global education in the United States. We believe that exposure to different countries, cultures, and people provides important perspective and drives young people to take action to better their world together. Global Glimpse works to make experiential education abroad accessible to outstanding students from all socioeconomic backgrounds through need based scholarships.
I then visited Granada on the coast of Lake Nicaragua before heading home. Nicaragua is a beautiful country. Though one of the poorest Spanish-speaking nations, it is relatively safe, and home to the friendliest people.
Granada's cathedral is spectacular.
The view from the cathedral of the central square:
One common refrain was that Lake Nicaragua and the San Juan river were about to irreversibly change due to the canal scheduled to be built in the next year. Like the Panama canal it would (after billions spent dredging and digging) connect the Caribbean side to the Pacific side. I took a cruise around Lake Nicaragua, but I wished I could have seen some of the San Juan river and/or Bluefields, where the Caribbean canal entrance will be.
In my down time, I read as much as I could about Nicaraguan history and politics. I started with Living in the Shadow of the Eagle by Thomas W. Walker and Christine J. Wade. I picked up The CIA Makes Science Fiction Unexciting #5: Things You May Not Know About Iran/Contra in Granada -- a small pamphlet packed full of information learned from freedom of information requests that puts the US (and Reagan's administration) to shame. At the same bookstore I found Yankee No!: Anti-Americanism in U.S.-Latin American Relations, which I had to read as inconspicuously as possible. For a break, I read parts of the 1874 book The Naturalist in Nicaragua by Thomas Belt about his weird ride down the San Juan river in swampier times.
On the flight home, I read what I probably should have read first: The Jaguar Smile: A Nicaraguan Journey by Salman Rushdie (1986). Rushdie managed to meet everyone worth meeting as the country picked up its own pieces following a brutal war. In one exchange, Rushdie asked a writer why there were so many poets and so few writers working on longer novels. The writer replied to the effect that 'No one thinks they will live long enough.'
I learned many of the same things a student participating in Global Glimpse would have learned. I am crazy lucky. I need to grapple with what exactly 'being lucky' means, and I need to do it more often than I allow myself. The trip has also pushed me to think harder about technological solutionism -- the idea that technology in some form can solve any problem. There's no basket of technologies that you can switch on to instantly improve life. Human problems require real human intelligence, not scientific models and machine learning stuffed into a handheld application. Jaron Lanier's 'Who Owns the Future' has been helping to guide my thinking.
View the full album.
Note: If you buy any of the books mentioned in Amazon, I'll pass along affiliate money to GG.